The Story of Kalman's Hungarian
Joe Cavanaugh donated this seed variety to Seed Savers Exchange. He obtained this variety in the mid-1990s from Kalman Lajvort of New Jersey. Kalman's father grew the pepper in Hungary and Kalman brought the seeds of it with him when he immigrated to the United States.
Pepper species are native to the Americas and have been cultivated for thousands of years. The Spanish and Portuguese brought them back to Europe and to their colonies in Africa and Asia. From there peppers continued to spread and develop.
The chemical in hot peppers that causes a burning sensation is known as capsaicin and can be found in the highest concentration in the white pith around the seeds.