Eggplant, Florida High Bush
- Fruit has purple-black skin
- Plants branch and bear fruit high off the ground
- Disease resistant
- Drought resistant
This variety will grow well in most regions of the United States.
Eggplant, Florida High Bush Description
The Florida High Bush eggplant was bred in Florida in the early 1900s to survive the long trips to market.
The eggplant is a member of the nightshade family and, as such, is related to both tomatoes and potatoes. It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia for thousands of years. The first written record of it is from a Chinese agricultural paper from the year 544 and it was noted in the Mediterranean region in the Middle Ages.
The name "eggplant" most likely comes from European varieties of the 18th century that were yellow or white and did, in fact, resemble the egg of a goose. In British English it is known as an aubergine.
Learn to Grow it
You should start plants indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost date for transplanting them into the garden. Plant them outdoors 2-4 weeks after your last expected frost.
Plant your seeds 1/4-1/2 in. deep in soil trays or pots. Transfer them to 3-4 in. pots when their true leaves appear. When transplanting, bury seedlings up the stems up to their leaves.
Make sure that your soil is well fertilized as this crop is a heavy feeder and takes a lot of nutrients from the soil. Consider adding compost to the soil the year before you plant.
These plants prefer warm weather and soil so they should be grown when temperatures are over 68 degrees F. You should avoid watering them from above as damp leaves may be susceptible to disease.