- Annual flowers with edible seeds
- Plants grow to 12 feet tall
- Flower heads grow to 12-16 inches across
This variety will grow well in most regions of the United States.
Sunflower, Arikara Description
This variety was collected by Melvin Gilmore. He obtained the seeds from the Arikara tribe at the Fort Berthold Reservation. It was first offered commercially by Oscar H. Will in 1930.
Sunflowers are native to North and South America. They are cultivated for both ornamental reasons and as a food crop in some regions.
During their growth sunflowers exhibit heliotropism, or the tendency to tilt during the day to face the sun. This trait normally subsides after the flower heads bloom at which point they usually face east.
The sunflower is the state flower of Kansas and the national flower of Ukraine. Sunflowers are one of the most popular subjects in the paintings of Vincent Van Gogh and have been associated with green ideology in more recent times.
Learn to Grow it
This crop can be direct seeded into warm soil after the last spring frost. If you sow a section or row every two or three weeks, you can get a continuous crop.
Space your plants or seeds 6-8 inches apart in well fertilized soil. Plant your seeds 1/4-3/4 in. deep.
Make sure that your soil is well fertilized as this crop is a heavy feeder and takes a lot of nutrients from the soil. Consider adding compost to the soil the year before you plant.
These plants prefer warm weather and soil so they should be grown when temperatures are over 68 degrees F.